Geopolitics of Europe in a Changing World. 2022.  HU03-001-G
Teacher: David Rees
Head of Programme: Thomas Hoerber  Secretary:  Sophie Forcadet  Course Outline
Evaluation: Oral Presentation 30%. 10-15m. Assignment (500 words) 20% by Monday 21st November. Policy Brief 50% by Monday 9th January.
Group 3 = PGE-2A-SO3-GA03. Discussion Groups 3.  Group 4 = PGE-2A-SO3-GA04   Discussion Groups 4
Presentation subjects
The course contents are based on the textbook Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021)
The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London

Programme 2022


Presentations and films
Lesson 1.
Group 3. Friday 9 September
Group 4. Friday 9 September

Course Introduction
 Session 1. Course Introduction
The Schuman Declaration

Discussion of the Schuman Declaration 
The Treaty of Versailles. 9m. History Simplified.
The Economic Consequences of the Peace. Keynes. Amazon.
Churchill. The United States of Europe. EU Archives.
Churchill. "Europe Unite" Pathé
60 years of the Schuman Declaration. 9m. EPP Group
ECSC 11m.
Further reading: From the Schuman Plan to the Paris Treaty (1950-1952) CVCE.
Lesson 2.
Group 3. Friday 23 September
Room 519
Group 4. Friday 23 September
Room 519

The United States of Europe and New Horizons for European Integration
1. Lesson 1 revision
2. ECSC 11m.
3. Group Discussion of the Text
4. Presentations
5. Euratom (Vimeo) 6m.
6. French energy dependence
7. French energy imports / exports
8. European Energy Dependency
9. EU Nabucco pipeline project
10. Failure of the European Defence Community because of France
11. EU Institutional voting
Main themes and objectives

The foundations
Euratom and the EEC
De Gaulle years I: Monnet vs. De Gaulle
De Gaulle years II: the “empty-chair” crisis and the Luxembourg compromise
Britain’s accession to the communities
Meeting of minds

Mandatory reading:
Hoerber T (2021), ‘The United States of Europe and new horizons for European integration’ in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 9-18

Presentation 1. Was the idea of a European Union a good one? Louise Podvin (3). Axel Dumoulin (4).
Presentation 2. The British accession to the EEC. Margaux Albert (4).
Presentation 3. Euratom. Guillaume Langlois (3). Foulques Mace de Gastines (4).
Presentation 4. The future of the EU. Camille Dussud (4). 
Lesson 3.
Group 3. Friday 30 September
Room 801
Group 4. Friday 30 September
Room 801

The European Union's Energy Policy and international Energy Shortage: from Market Liberalisation to Convergence with Climate Policy
EU 2020 and 2030 objectives
What are GHGs? (KQED foundation) 2m.
EU Carbon Neutrality (EC Europa) 2m.

EU Emissions Trading System (EC)  3m.
Carbon Trading Speculation
2020 ESD targets by country
GHG per person (By RCraig09 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
European Energy Dependency
The EU Energy Union. EC Europa. 3m
Europe's crazy electricity pricing system. Yanis Varoufakis. 57m
Should energy be private or public? (We Own It) 2m
Are electric cars 'green'? The Guardian. 5m
French electric car industrial policy (France stratégie)

Mandatory reading:

Mišík, M., Oravcová, V., Plenta, P. (2021), ‘The European Union’s energy policy: From market liberalisation to convergence with climate policy’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 315-330

Presentation 5. Is an EU climate policy compatible with an EU energy policy? Célian Cosse (4).
Presentation 6. Energy - privatisation or nationalisation? Céleste Guillot dit Salomon (3). Timothée Bienaimé (4).
Presentation 7. Is the EU Green Deal realistic? Louis Leclerc (3). Marion Dufour (4). 
Presentation 8. Can renewable energy succeed? Jérémie Frances (3). Lou Salaün (4).
Lesson 4.
Group 3. Friday 7 October
Group 4. Friday 7 October

Sustainable Development in the European Union and the World
UN Sustainability Goals (UN)
Greta Thunberg at the UN
Sustainable Europe by 2030
Sustainable agriculture (WWF)
World Food Security (DR)

Mandatory reading:

Barnes, P. (2021), ‘Sustainable Development in the European Union’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 331-349

Presentation 9. Can the EU be both sustainable and competitive? Amaury Turpin (3). Alexandre Blond (4).
Presentation 10. Is sustainability compatible with neoliberal competitivity? Margot Leguy (3). 
Presentation 11. What is the EU doing to promote sustainability? Bérangère Emery (3). Lou-Anne D'Hondt (4).
Presentation 12. Should the EU adopt sustainability import tarifs?
Lesson 5.
Group 3. Friday 14 October
Group 4. Friday 14 October

European Union Lax vs International Law
Special features of EU law
The legal nature of the EU and European integration: a long-term debate
Integration versus disintegration

Mandatory reading:

Forganni, A. (2021), ‘European Union Law’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 350-361

Presentation 13. What is the dividing line between national and EU law? Baptiste Leroux (3). Jean Creze (4).
Presentation 14. What are the EU institutions protecting EU law? Chloé Matern (3). Alix Dumoulin (4).
Presentation 15. Is the European Court of Justice useful? Malo Faucher (3). Mathilde Cousin (4).
Presentation 16. Is EU law threatened by the rise of nationalism? Jacques de Guigné (4).
Lesson 6.
Group 3. Friday 28 October
Group 4. Friday 28 October

Economic and Monetary Union: the Euro as an International Reserve Currency
Getting the historical record straight
The significance of the ontology of money - The dominant theory: optimal currency areas
The significance of the ontology of money - The heterodox conception: money as debt
The political fixes so far
Completing the ship is not easy
Conclusion: the utopia of a “genuine” political union

Mandatory reading:

Otero Iglesias, M. (2021) ‘European Monetary Union: European Integration at its Heart’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 362-375

Presentation 17. Was EMU a good idea? Maëlys Mareschal de Bièvre (3). Léane Lefevere (4).
Presentation 18. Is the Euro a political or economic tool? Anouk Leblanc (3). Mathis Crépel (4).
Presentation 19. Is the EMU Stability Pact a good idea? Léonia Aubin (3).
Presentation 20. What is the European debt crisis? Antoine Créau (3). Paul Deschamps (4).
 Lesson 7.
Group 3. Wednesday 16 November
Group 4. Wednesday 16 November

The Common Agricultural Policy in International Trade
A history of CAP reform: from productivism to neoliberalism and multifunctionality, and back again? - Agriculture in the early days of European integration
The twin pressures of a growing budget and trade liberalisation: reforming the CAP in the 1990s and 2000s
Multifunctionality and the CAP: greening or greenwashing?
Taking stock of 30 years of CAP reform
Understanding the politics of CAP reform: four levels of (in)action
CAP reform as budgetary politics

CAP reform as competition between its two pillars

CAP reform and policy instrument design

CAP reform – whither commonality?


Mandatory reading:

Gravey, V., Adam, U., Hoerber, T. (2021) ‘The long and winding road to greening the Common Agricultural Policy’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 394-409

Presentation 21. The historical origin of the CAP. Margaux Bobet (3). Carla Annet (4).
Presentation 22. Have the objectives of the CAP been achieved? Méline Gilot (3). Pierre Catrier (4).
Presentation 23. Who benefits from the CAP? Céleste Cousseau (3). Chanelle Haquet (4).
Presentation 24. Third world damage due to EU export subsidies. Thibault Rouault de la Vigne (3).
Lesson 8.
Group 3. Friday 18 November
Group 4. Friday 18 November

EU Common Security and Defence Policy

The origins of CSDP
After Saint Malo
CSDP institutional development
CSDP missions and operations
Critiquing CSDP: more rhetoric than substance?
Conclusion – Brexit and risks to European defence

Mandatory reading:

Sweeney, S. (2021) ‘EU Common Security and Defence Policy’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 427-455

Presentation 25.  What is the rôle of the CSDP? Priscille Gros (3). Maelys Perrouin (4). 
Presentation 26. Does the CSDP work? Armand Guillaud (3). Melina Bouton (4).
Presentation 27. Can the CSDP exist without the UK? Samuel Philippe (3). Alexandre Quilan (4).
Presentation 28. Should the EU review its strategic defence rôle? Charlotte Bompérin (3). Gonzague Devillard (4). 
Lesson 9
Group 3. Wednesday 23 November
Group 4. Wednesday 23 November

Visit CPVO
Visit CPVO. Group 4. 13h30-15h. Group 3. 16h-17h30

CPVO. 3 boulevard Marechal Foch.

Be there 10m before the visit time, and well dressed. Bring material for taking notes.

Each discussion group should have one question for the CPVO.

Lesson 10
Group 3. Friday 25 November
Group 4. Friday 25 November

Visit CPVO
 No lesson
Lesson 11
Group 3. Friday 2 December
Taught by Louana Andonoski
Group 4. Friday 2 December
Taught by Louana Andonoski

ERASMUS and the Bologna Process - Global Education
 Erasmus, Bologna, and European integration
History, development, and key Erasmus-related frameworks
The Bologna process and the European Higher Education Area
Expansion of Erasmus after 2014
Joint masters, doctoral programmes, and research
Challenges Erasmus faces
Erasmus, Bologna, and Brexit

Mandatory reading:
Reilly, J., Sweeney, S. (2021), ‘Erasmus and the Bologna Process – Promoting shared values through mobility, reform, and common instruments The curious case of Social Europe’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 86-112

Presentation 29. ESSCA opinionaire concerning ERASMUS. Léa Guyonvarch (4).
Presentation 30. The Bologna Process. Nolan Perrot (3). Raphaël Dargent (4).
Presentation 31. In France, is ERASMUS for the rich? Chloé Chasles (3). Tanguy Laurent (4).
Presentation 32. What could ERASMUS be? Chloé Edel (3). Justine Bouge (4).
Lesson 12.
Group 3. Wednesday 7 December
Group 4. Wednesday 7 December

EU Transport Policy at a Crossroad: the Cost of Liberalisation for Climate Change and Personal Mobility
Attempts to develop a common transport policy (1960s–1970s)
Liberalisation and the development of an EU transport policy (1980s)
Tensions between EU transport liberalisation and environmental protection (1992–2014)
Challenges for the future of EU transport policy

Mandatory reading:
Dyrhauge, H. (2021), ‘EU transport policy at a crossroad: The cost of liberalisation for climate change and personal mobility’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 208-219
Presentation 33. Should transport be public or private? Daphné Darene (3). Tiya Nonda (4).
Presentation 34. The privatisation of the UK railway network.Pierre-Louis Guineheux (3). Camille Arènes (4).
Presentation 35. Is intra-European competition for transport coherent? Pierre Combes (3). Raphaël Giboureau (4).
Presentation 36. Can EU transport be environmentally-friendly? Lena Dupont (3). Alice Leber (4).
Lesson 13.
Group 3. Friday 9 December
Group 4. Friday 9 December

Federal Spending in the EU and the World
The beginning of the history of European funds
EU membership and access to funds
 (Funding) awareness and engagement with European integration
Key findings and avenues for future research

Mandatory reading:
Cunha, A. (2021), ‘Blue signs on the road: European Union funding and citizens̕ feelings towards membership’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 410-426
Presentation 37. How does EU funding work? Léonard Goblot (3). Clothilde Millet (4).
Presentation 38. Does EU funding provide a shift of wealth from richer to poorer countries? Alex Rolland (4).
Presentation 39. What is the relation between EU funding and purchasing power parity?
Presentation 40. Should EU members contribute more to EU funding? Chloé Panhaleux (3). Anaïs Alardet (4).
Presentation 45. Hydrogen as a Power Source. Pierre Bidaut (3).
Lesson 14.
Group 3. Friday 16 December
Group 4. Friday 16 December

Brexit puts Spotlight on Irish Peace Process and Complicates Potential UK/US Trade Deal
Brexit – endgame of the reluctant European – the phase of scepticism 1945–2016
Brexit consequences for Ireland
The 2020 Irish Republic election result has recast Ireland’s political dynamics
A Joe Biden presidency and congress may block a US-UK post-Brexit trade deal
Reality dawns on Brexit Britain’s revolution

Mandatory reading:
Ryan, J. (2021) ‘Brexit puts spotlight on Irish Peace Process and complicates potential UK/US trade deal’, in: Hoerber T., Weber G., Cabras I. (2021) The Routledge Handbook for European Integrations, Routledge London, pp. 456-478

Presentation 41. Brexit and EU fishing. Alexandre Vanwaes (3). Amélie Presse (4). 
Presentation 42. The Irish problem. Marin Mainguené (3). Noémie Smagghe (4).
Presentation 43. The future of the UK post Brexit. Victoria Bougeard (3). Enguerrand Desmazières (4).
Presentation 44. Is Brexit the beginning of the end of the EU? Quentin Chaillou (3). Raphaël Nizery (4).
Lesson 15.


Guest Lecture
Russia-Ukraine war